The inductor is opposing to a change in current: V = L * di/dt
The capacitor is opposing to a change in voltage: i = C * dV/dt
Stores energy as Magnetic Field depending on material magnetic permeability. Energy stored = 1/2 * L*I^2
Stores energy as Electric Field depending on material electric permittivity. Energy stored = 1/2*C*V^2
Z=0 @ 0 Hz (DC); Z= infinite @ high frequencies
Z= infinite @ 0 Hz (DC); Z= 0 @ high frequencies
Current lags behind Voltage by π/2
Voltage lags behind Current by π/2
Series Inductors combine like series resistors.
Parallel Inductors combine like parallel resistors.
Series Capacitors combine like parallel resistors.
Parallel Capacitors combine like series resistors.